So you’ve decided to homeschool your children. Or maybe you’re still just considering it. You may be feeling overwhelmed at where and how to begin. Well, you’ve come to the right place! Below I’ve compiled and organized research on where to begin the process, as well as, some valuable links to Islamic educational resources you may find useful on your Islamic homeschooling journey.
First things first—what is homeschooling?
The most common question I receive by e-mail is: what is Islamic homeschooling? In the simplest form, homeschooling is the act of educating your children at home, rather than an institutionalized school system such as a public or private school. When I refer to Islamic homeschooling, I mean the act of teaching your children at home while incorporating the beliefs and values of Islam in everything you do. How, where, and what you choose to teach your children is at your discretion.
People choose to homeschool for various reasons. My personal decision was two-fold. To an extent, homeschooling allows me to monitor Laylah’s social interactions. It is easier to encourage meaningful interactions with like-minded Muslim families, and I don’t have to subject her to the inappropriate behavior and language that arises in public schools. Homeschooling also allows me to work with her on an individual basis. The sheer volume of students in public and private schools often make it difficult for the teacher to address individual problems or appropriately challenge students who are grasping the material more efficiently than others.
Know the laws, know your rights.
The most important place to start the homeschooling process is to familiarize yourself with the laws of your area. In the US, while it’s legal to homeschool in all 50 states, each state has different regulations in regards to notification, qualification, instruction, record keeping, and assessment. Failure to abide by your state’s laws can result in penalization. Here are a few legalities to research beforehand:
- Is a letter of intent to homeschool required?
- This may only be a necessary step if your child has previously been attending public school. If a letter of intent is required, you may use this template to draft your own. Bear in mind the requirements of your own state as you edit the example provided.
- Is there a minimum number of “school” hours that must be completed each year?
- Are there certain subjects I’m required to teach?
- What qualifications, if any, do I need to teach my child at home?
- Do I need to keep a portfolio of my child’s work and test scores?
- Is there any form of formal assessment that must be completed?
You can find answers to all of these legalities on your state’s Department of Education website. For example, here is mine. I found this page through googling “NJ Department of Education homeschooling”. If you are unclear of the explanations provided by the website, be sure to contact someone from the state directly to clarify.
If you reside outside of the US, you may find this site helpful in outlining your country’s homeschooling laws.
Once you are clear on your local laws, you can begin to contemplate the method you’d like to use in teaching your children. Below, are a few well-known methodologies you may draw inspiration from taking into account your children’s individual learning styles. If one sounds appealing to you, do some of your own further research, but more importantly, test it out. You won’t know what works for your family until you try it.
Montessori: The philosophy of allowing children to learn through all five of their senses while nurturing their individual interests and providing freedom and independence within appropriate limits. You may find more information on this teaching style here.
Traditional: This method is essentially a replication of school, as we know it, within the home. Children follow a standard curriculum and grading system.
Charolette Mason: The philosophy that children should be respected and taught as a whole individual, and “education is an atmosphere, a discipline, a life”. You may find more information on this teaching style here.
Unschooling: The child-led approach to learning where there is no formal instruction, and children are free to explore their interests and passions at their will.
Classical: The philosophy of education involving three major stages—grammar, logic, and rhetoric.
Eclectic: The method of taking pieces from various styles of teaching to create a unique experience.
Define your mission
I highly suggest creating a mission statement. This statement—be it a sentence or a few paragraphs, will provide the skeleton and framework for which you make your decisions. It will help guide you in accomplishing your long term homeschooling goals and motivate you through the difficult times. Here’s more information on what a mission statement is and an example of one.
Build a routine
Your schooling schedule will develop through trial-and-error. You may choose to do formal instruction for a few hours every morning or have no formal instruction at all. There is no set timeframe or schedule that your family must adapt to, and a routine that is working one year, may not be feasible the next. Remain flexible, consult with those who have more experience, and experiment and adjust accordingly to what works best in your household. Click here to view a day-in-the-life of a Muslim homeschool mom.
Choose your resources
You may decide to buy and follow a full curriculum, register your child for online courses, use free resources from the internet and library, purchase resources you’ve strewn together, or a mix of everything. While the extent of lesson planning you do is up to you, it’s ideal to at least have an idea of the concepts you’d like to introduce and work through for the year. This will help guide your weeks and give you an idea of the learning materials you will need to achieve your goals. Here you’ll find a great breakdown of the different types of resources available to you. Below you’ll find a list of valuable resources suitable for your Islamic homeschool.
Islamic toys and children’s products
Islamic Children’s Books
Fitra Journal (*Note: this is a Muslim homeschool quarterly for adults)
Islamic Online Courses
Islamic Children’s Apps
Ali and Sumaya
Islamic Homeschool Blogs
Islamic Homeschool Conventions